My father is 65 years old and suffers from leg cramps all night

Question:My father is 65 years old and suffers from leg cramps all night. They are so severe that he gets up from bed and starts walking in the middle of the night. He has been diabetic for the past 20 years. Due to this condition he is not able to sleep properly. Any remedy for this

Answer: I am a Sports nutrition coach and Speciaist in Exercise Therapy and Senior citizen fitness. Consider this. Firstly, Try supplementing with Potassium and Magnesium supplement(A Mineral Supplement) , Keep your Dad Hydrated all the times. Include foods rich in Magnesium (Kelp, Molasses, , Buckwheat, Dulse, Filberts, Milletand if no nut allergies exist: Almonds, Cashews, Pecans and Brazil nuts.

Also, Muscle cramps can arise from a wide variety of causes: Muscle fatigue from exercise or overuse of particular muscles. Imbalances of fluids, hormones, or body salts (the "electrolytes" calcium, magnesium, potassium) or dehydration. Poor blood supply.

Nerve abnormalities.
Diseases affecting nerves and muscles.
Some medications, for instance, diuretics.
Cramps can be caused by muscle fatigue from sports or from unaccustomed activities. Cramp pain following exercise is usually relieved by rest, but in severe cases even rest offers no benefit, and pain can continue even when lying down. Muscle fatigue from sitting or lying for an extended period in an awkward position, or any repetitive use can cause cramps. Older adults are at risk of cramps when performing exaggerated physical activities.
When injury such as a broken bone or strained muscle occurs, sometimes the muscles surrounding the injury spasm as a protective mechanism. In this case the spasm tends to minimize movement and stabilize the area of injury.
Intermittent claudication is a problem in the arteries where the muscles in the legs are deprived of oxygen. Intermittent claudication is caused by blockages in the leg arteries from plaque buildup.
Some conditions, most often diabetes, cause the legs to be numb or tingling, known as peripheral neuropathy.
As you can see, correct action depends on the cause of the cramps.
In general cramps that are the result of fatigue can be remedied with the following: Stop doing whatever activity triggered the cramp.
Gently stretch and massage the cramping muscle, holding it in stretched position until the cramp stops.
Apply heat to tense/tight muscles, or cold to sore/tender muscles.
To avoid future cramps, work toward better overall fitness.
Do regular flexibility exercises before and after you work out to stretch muscle groups most prone to cramping. Always warm up before stretching.
Calf muscle stretch: In a standing lunge with both feet pointed forward, straighten the rear leg. (Repeat with opposite leg.)
Hamstring muscle stretch: Sit with one leg folded in and the other straight out, foot upright and toes and ankle relaxed. Lean forward slightly, touch foot of straightened leg. (Repeat with opposite leg.)
Quadriceps muscle stretch: While standing, hold top of foot with opposite hand and gently pull heel toward buttocks. (Repeat with opposite leg.)
Hold each stretch briefly, then release. Never stretch to the point of pain. DO NOT CONSTRUCT THIS AS MEDICAL ADVISE.

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